Emerald City Clinic

Glossary

The science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied to improve socially-significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for the improvement in behavior (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007).

Bringing out (via positive conditioned reinforcement) behavioral responses with topographies, duration or intensities that more closely resemble target behavior, e.g., only reinforcing appropriate requests and placing less desirable behavior on extinction, e.g., inappropriate requests, or requests that include yelling.

The why of the behavior – not the topography (what it looks like). All behavior serves a function.

Specifically, discriminated operant, or, behavior that “occurs more frequently under some antecedent conditions than under others” (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 694).

Using differential reinforcement to produce a series of gradually – changing response classes; each response class is a successive approximation toward a terminal behavior (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 704).

Specifically, a generalized behavior change – is a “change in behavior that has not been taught directly” (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 697).

Behavior controlled by consequences (including verbal behavior); a word describing behavior as operating within an environment as a product of learning history (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007).

A request, or, an elementary verbal operant based on B.F. Skinner’s theoretical analysis of verbal behavior (Skinner, 1957) evoked by a motivating operation and followed by specific reinforcement, e.g., requesting a glass of water is a mand for water; especially if the water is not visible at the time of the request (pure mand).

WHAT IS AUSTISM?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents uniquely for each individual with possible persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including deficits in social – emotional reciprocity, deficits in nonverbal communication, deficits in developing, maintaining and understanding relationships; restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, sensory issues, fixated interests, limit of shared interest range, and insistence on sameness.

ASD can be comorbid with language-based and / or intellectual disabilities with varying ranges of severity; may be associated with a known medical or genetic condition, or with another neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder(s)(DSM-5).

AT EMERALD CITY CLINIC

We believe in…

… applying data-based decision making and positive reinforcement.

… using evidence / research-based strategies to support the development and learning process.

… celebrating each child’s individuality, and their improvements along the way.

… allowing your child to have fun, to flourish, and to feel empowered as an effective self-agent.

In addition to having an excellent staff, we believe in life-long, engaged learning. Our ideal location has access to many fine arts opportunities and chances to give back to the community.

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